Application Of Solid Buoyancy Materials In Submarine Observation Stations
Laying a submarine networked observation platform on the seabed can not only accurately transmit information, but also reliably transmit energy. By installing the instrument on the optical cable to form an observation point, and then supply energy and collect information to each observation point through the optical fiber network, because it is not restricted by weather, battery life, etc., the instrument on the optical cable can carry out continuous automatic observation for many years. The optical fiber cable will be able to transmit back to the ocean environment around the instrument and various conditions that occur in real time, including sea temperature, water quality and climate change, natural gas hydrate "flammable ice" and petroleum and mineral resources. The collaborative work of underwater observations, seismometers, nodes, and underwater workstations plays a role in responding to unexpected accidents. It can collect various signs before the tsunami disaster in advance to make predictions. In addition to tsunamis, it can also "cope" earthquakes. Continuously observing the changes in the ocean bottom crust on the spot will provide seismic monitoring methods with the highest sensitivity and signal-to-noise ratio, which is of great significance for disaster prevention and mitigation. The submarine observatory is equivalent to an ocean gas. At present, my country has started the construction of submarine observatory in 2008. Foreign countries such as Woods Hole Research Institute, the University of Tokyo, and the University of Washington have invested in the construction of submarine observatory.
Solid buoyancy materials are mainly used for counterweights for remote remote control vehicles of submarine observation stations, submarine crawlers, submarine optical cables, and various marine monitoring instruments to provide buoyancy and play a very important role.